8 Most Ancient Dog Breeds on Earth


Dogs have been our loyal companions for thousands of years, and their domestication has left a mark on human history like no other animal. Throughout the ages, various dog breeds have emerged, each with its unique characteristics, appearance, and temperament. In this blog post, we’ll explore the 8 most ancient dog breeds on Earth, connecting us to our distant past and highlighting the enduring bond between humans and canines.

  1. Basenji

The Basenji is often called the “barkless dog” due to its unique vocalization, which is more of a yodel or howl than a traditional bark. These elegant dogs originated in Central Africa and are believed to be one of the most ancient breeds, with roots dating back thousands of years. Their hunting prowess and distinctive appearance have made them a beloved breed among dog enthusiasts worldwide.

  1. Saluki

Known as the “Royal Dog of Egypt,” the Saluki is one of the oldest dog breeds with origins in the Middle East. Their graceful and slender build, along with their remarkable speed, made them highly prized as hunting companions for the ancient Egyptians. Salukis have a regal demeanor and are known for their gentle and loyal nature.

  1. Chinese Shar-Pei

The Chinese Shar-Pei is instantly recognizable due to its unique wrinkled skin and “hippopotamus” face. This ancient breed hails from China and was originally used for hunting, guarding, and herding. They are known for their loyalty, and their distinctive appearance has garnered a dedicated following of admirers.

  1. Afghan Hound

With a striking appearance reminiscent of a runway model, the Afghan Hound is a breed of great antiquity. Their origins can be traced back to the mountainous regions of Afghanistan, where they were used for hunting large game. These dogs are known for their grace, aloof demeanor, and long, flowing coat.

  1. Akita Inu

The Akita Inu is a majestic breed from Japan, with a history spanning centuries. They were originally bred for hunting and guarding purposes. Their unwavering loyalty and dignified presence have earned them a special place in Japanese culture and beyond. The story of Hachiko, the faithful Akita who waited for his owner for nearly 10 years after his owner’s death, is a testament to their loyalty.

  1. Basque Shepherd Dog

The Basque Shepherd Dog, or “Euskal Artzain Txakurra” in its native Basque language, is an ancient herding breed originating from the Basque regions of Spain and France. These versatile dogs are known for their intelligence, agility, and herding instincts, making them excellent working companions for shepherds.

  1. Siberian Husky

Siberian Huskies are one of the oldest sled dog breeds, originally bred by the Chukchi people of Siberia. Their striking blue eyes and thick double coat have made them an iconic breed. These dogs are known for their endurance, friendly disposition, and ability to thrive in cold climates.

  1. Samoyed

The Samoyed, often referred to as the “smiling Sammie,” is an ancient breed originating from the Arctic regions of Siberia. Bred by the Samoyedic people, these dogs served as faithful companions and sled-pullers. They are characterized by their fluffy white coat, friendly nature, and distinctive “smiling” expression.


These 8 ancient dog breeds have stood the test of time, serving various roles throughout history, from hunting and herding to guarding and companionship. Their enduring legacy is a testament to the deep bond between humans and dogs that has persisted for millennia. As we admire and cherish these breeds today, we are reminded of the incredible history and companionship that our canine friends bring into our lives.

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